SAP Load and Performance Testing Using Loadrunner

SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is an enterprise resource management software that covers the work of an entire company. SAP is the market leader in enterprise application software, helping companies of all sizes and in all industries run at their best: SAP customers generate 87% of total global commerce. If this is the case in your company, you might have started asking yourself how to test your SAP’s performance and which tools to choose. In this article, we will share the basics of how we test SAP ERP with Loadrunner.

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Why do you need to test your SAP performance?

Like any ERP system, SAP has to provide its users with up-to-date reliable data about the current state of affairs for decision-making. Besides, this kind of information must be reliably protected. With the development of your company, the ERP system must be updated and rebuilt according to new business goals, which leads to the need for testing. But which tools to use to test performance of your SAP?

Is Loadrunner a good tool for SAP performance testing?

Loadrunner is the perfect tool to execute a performance test against a SAP system. It understands the protocol used by SAP GUI interface and can record or reproduce it, so it can build a robot, generating thousands of copies of it almost instantly in order to execute the performance test.

There are two main types of SAP scripts: SAP-GUI and SAP-WEB. Before you start recording the script, check if you have two basic prerequisites:

    • get access to all the necessary roles, including the scripting role;
    • study the business process, and go through it manually, without recording, to identify any possible issues and to check the availability of all roles.

Recording scripts with SAP GUI

To test SAP application, choose SAP GUI:

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Choose SAP Logon in the Application menu, then choose the location of your application (although it is usually chosen automatically). Click Start Recording to start recording the script.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

The application starts running. At this stage, select a system to be tested by double-clicking it.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

In the User/Password fields, the password field will not show characters, so be careful when entering the password. For instance, in our project, it was possible to make a mistake only twice. After the third attempt, the account was blocked 🙁

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

After entering your login and password, you will be transferred to the main page of the system you chose to test. There, act according to the script.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

If you need to, switch to another tab using the command which is  mentioned in the testing script.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Don’t want to run tests by yourself?

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Debugging SAP-GUI Scripts

After recording the script, next steps are parameterization and correlation.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Snapshots displayed graphically will help you to do so: click a cell, a button, or any other element, and add the function you need. For example, add a row that will fill the cell with other data or, on the contrary, pull out the data for further work.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Sometimes in order to view certain arguments, paths, or an ID of a particular object (i.e. button), you will have to use spy applications, such as, for example, Object Spy, since Snapshot is not always enough.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

After having recorded the scripts, you will see that some parameters in the table were parameterized automatically. You’d better edit them, since problems may arise later. However, don’t forget that there are different types of parameters, and some cells accept only the tabular ones.

For example, we filled in two ExpTy fields with the value “AIR”, and two Amount fields with the value 1000.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

As you can see, two values were written into one variable “{data}”.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

And the value of the first row of the column was recorded in the variable, too. So it’s better to edit the code and separate the variables.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

After you change sapgui_table_fill_data into sapgui_set_text, the link will also specify the session number and the window number, which will need to be removed (ses[0]/wnd[0]/). Otherwise, they will cause an error in case of multiple test runs.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

If errors occur when running the script, you can run the script with display. To do so, go to Runtime Settings→General→Performance, and check all fields. You will need to arrange lr_think_time(); in order to see the location of the error, or run the script in step-by-step mode.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Problems and solutions in performance testing of SAP GUI with LoadRunner

Check for a pop-up window

Sometimes the same action can bring different results. For example, an additional window may be displayed, and ignoring it is impossible. For this case, we have a ready-made solution.

if (sapgui_is_object_available(“wnd[1]”)){             

            sapgui_select_active_window(“wnd[1]”);    

            sapgui_press_button(“exit”

                “ses[0]/wnd[1]/tbar[0]/btn[0]”

                LAST);

            sapgui_select_active_window(“wnd[0]”);

        }

Check for an empty string

If, after saving or executing the script, you need the resulting number to use it in the future, run a check. It is necessary so that if for some reason the number does not appear, the script does not continue its work.

Checking for an empty string should be run before Action.

void failIfEmpty(char * parname) {

lr_save_string(parname,”par”);

if(lr_eval_string(lr_eval_string(“\{{par}\}”))[0]==0)

lr_exit(LR_EXIT_VUSER,LR_FAIL);

}

Action{

//the function is called internally after correlation

//failIfEmpty(parameter); example :

sapgui_status_bar_get_param(“1″,”ram_contract”, LAST);

 // correlation, you’re pulling  out the created contract

failIfEmpty(“ram_contract”);

// check what you pulled out. If it is empty, the script will be completed with an error. 

}

A detailed description of LoadRunner functions is available on the website https://admhelp.microfocus.com.

Recording performance testing scripts for SAP WEB with LoadRunner

It turns out that recording SAP WEB scripts and debugging them is not much different from recording and debugging Web-HTTP/HTML scripts. When you create a new script, select SAP – Web protocol.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

The snapshot shows RequestBody and ResponseBody, whilst web_url, web_submit_data, and web_add_header are written in the code.

SAP Load and Performance Testing using Loadrunner

Conclusions

You can use LoadRunner performance testing tool to do the performance testing for SAP GUI or SAP WEB Applications. You will need to understand concepts like SAP GUI protocol, Control ID’s, Grids, Object IDs, Verification Points, etc., but trust us, it is absolutely doable. If, however, your plate is full right now, never do tomorrow what you can let us do today: in Performance Lab, 400+ engineers on staff have completed 300+ major projects, rest assured they can help with yours, too. Request a demo!

Have a project in mind?

There is no better place for a QA solution than Performance Lab.
Drop us a line to find out what our team can do for you.

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